Urology is a branch of medicine which deals with male and female urinary tract diseases. Urinary tract houses the kidneys, ureters, bladder and the urethra. It also deals with infections affecting the vital male parts such as penis, scrotum and prostate gland. Urology studies combine the management of both the non-surgical conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and the management of surgical conditions such as kidney stones, prostate cancer and congenital abnormalities.
Cystectomy is an operation carried out on the bladder to radically or partially remove the bladder affected by the growth and spread of cancerous cells up to the bladder wall. An incision is made on the lower part of the belly. A scope is inserted through the incision to enable the surgeon have a view of the bladder. Cystectomy removes a cancer that has attacked the bladder wall as well as cancer that has recurred.
Kidney stones can be caused by periodical buildup of waste products inform of crystals in the kidneys. The crystals buildup in the kidneys results in the formation of hard lump-like stone in the kidneys. Kidney stones can be as a result of insufficient intake of fluids or if a patient is under certain medications. Most kidney stones are small in size and can easily be passed out through the urine. Large kidney stones can however be treated by surgery or uretroscopy. During the surgery an incision is made in the back so that the kidneys and ureter can be accessed. The kidney stones are then removed easily from the back
Prostate surgery is a medical operation that is normally done to remove prostate cancer from the body. The surgery is most effective if the prostate cancer has not spread outside the gland. The main surgical technique used to try and cure prostate cancer is known as radical prostatectomy. During this surgery, the doctor doing the operation removes the prostate gland in its entirety. The tissues surrounding the prostate gland are also removed plus the seminal vesicles. The surgery is done after the doctor has carefully examined the prostate specific antigen level and the results from the prostate biopsy.